The following are the installation requirements for a Windows 2000 Professional workstation:
1. 133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible processor
2. 64MB minimum; 4GB maximum)
3. 2GB hard drive with a minimum of 650 MB of free space(Additional free hard disk space is required if you are installing over a network).
4. Windows 2000 Professional supports up to 2 processors.
Always check the HCL before beginning any installation. Installations can be created on any type of partition-FAT, FAT32, or NTFS. NTFS is recommended, but use FAT or FAT 32 for dual booting. Upgrades can be performed on Windows 9x machines and NT 3.51 and higher OS’s. To upgrade a Windows 3.1 or NT 3.5, first upgrade to Windows 9x or NT 4.0, respectively. To install over a network, install a distribution server first. Slipstreaming is the ability to install Windows 2000 and the service packs at the same time, and can be done using a distribution image for many computers. There are four logs for troubleshooting failed installations: Setupact.log, Setuperr.log, Setupapi.log and Setuplog.txt.
The following table lists some of the common switches available for use with WINNT.EXE
/e: command Executes a command before the last phase of setup.
/r: foldername Creates an additional folder in the folder where the Windows 2000 files are installed. The folder IS NOT DELETED after Setup finishes. You can use additional /r switches to install additional folders.
/rx: foldername Creates a folder to be copied as a part of setup – into the Windows 2000 directory, but the folder IS DELETED as setup finishes.
Use Winnt32.exe for a clean installation or upgrade from Windows 9.x or NT Workstation. There are a number of switches that can be used with winnt32.exe. Below are a couple of the important ones:
/copydir: foldername Creates an additional folder in the folder where the Windows 2000 files are installed. The folder IS NOT DELETED after Setup finishes. You can use additional /r switches to install additional folders. Same as /r for winnt.exe.
/copysource: foldername Creates a folder to be copied as a part of setup – into the Windows 2000 directory, but the folder IS DELETED as setup finishes. Same as /rx for winnt.exe.
/cmd: Executes a command before the last phase of setup. Same as /e: for winnt.exe.
/cmdcons Installs the appropriate files to restart the system in command-line non-graphical mode for repair purposes.
/syspart Prepares a hard disk to be transferred to another computer system. This switch installs setup files and marks the partition active. Requires the use of /tempdrive switch.
/tempdrive Specifies which drive to install Windows 2000 temporary files during setup.
/makelocalsource Copies all of the Windows 2000 source files to the target drive during installation.
/noreboot Avoids reboot after installation so that another command can be run.
/checkupgradeonly Checks your system for incompatibilities that will prevent a successful upgrade.
/unattend Upgrades your previous version of Windows by using unattended Setup mode. All user settings are taken from the previous installation so that no user intervention is required during Setup. You can also use this command in an unattended installation by specifying the [seconds][:answer_file] variables.
Windows 2000 Professional supports unattended installations. The /U switch is used for unattended installations and is followed by the location of the answer and installation files. Unattended installations can be done for clean installs as well as upgrades. Unattended installations can be fully automated. The default answer file that ships with Win2K is called unattend.txt and can be modified. Setup Manager can also create answer files. For more in depth information about unattended installations, read our tutorial Windows 2000 Unattended Installations.
Windows 2000 comes with a variety of tools that can be helpful during installations. Understand the following concepts:
1. Disk duplication is used when the computers have identical hardware configurations, and is only used for clean installs.
2. Sysprep is used when you need to prepare an image of a computer for cloning but does not provide the actual distribution of this image. That is done with third-party tools.
3. To use Remote Installation Service(RIS), there must be DHCP server service, DNS server service, and AD running on the network.
4. Scripting is used when computers have different hardware configurations and when disk duplication cannot be used. Answer files offer information that is normally manually input into installation dialog boxes like user name, password, domain name, time zones, etc.
Acronyms you really must know(not including the ones you already know!)
1. ACL – access control list
2. ACPI – advanced configuration and power interface
3. AD – active directory
4. APM – advanced power management
5. APIPA – automatic private internet protocol addressing
6. CA – certificate authority
7. CAL – client access license
8. DHCP – dynamic host configuration protocol
9. DNS – domain name system
10. EAP – extensible authentication protocol
11. EFS – encrypting file system
12. FEK – file encryption key
13. GPO – group policy object
14. GPT – group police template
15. HCL – hardware compatibility list
16. IAS – internet authentication services
17. ICS – internet connection sharing
18. IPSec – internet protocol security
19. L2TP – layer two tunneling protocol
20. LDAP – lightweight directory access protocol
21. LPD – line printer daemon
22. MMC – microsoft management console
23. NAT – network address translation
24. NTFS – NT file system
25. ODBC – open database connectivity
26. OSI – open systems interconnection (model)
27. OU – organizational unit
28. PCMCIA – personal computer memory card interface adapter
29. PPP – point to point protocol
30. PPTP – point to point tunneling protocol
31. PXE – preboot execution environment
32. RAS – remote access service
33. RIPrep – remote installation preparation
34. RIS – remote installation services
35. RRAS – routing and remot access service
36. SAM – security accounts manager
37. SMP – symmetric multiprocessing
38. SMS – systems management server
39. Sysprep – system preparation
40. TFTP – trivial file transfer protocol
41. UDF – unique database file
42. UNC – universal naming convention
43. VPN – virtual private network
44. WDM – windows32 driver model